Lung cancer risk from radon in Ontario, Canada: how many lung cancers can we preventReport as inadecuate




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Cancer Causes and Control

, Volume 24, Issue 11, pp 2013–2020

First Online: 28 August 2013Received: 01 February 2013Accepted: 14 August 2013DOI: 10.1007-s10552-013-0278-x

Cite this article as: Peterson, E., Aker, A., Kim, J. et al. Cancer Causes Control 2013 24: 2013. doi:10.1007-s10552-013-0278-x

Abstract

PurposeTo calculate the burden of lung cancer illness due to radon for all thirty-six health units in Ontario and determine the number of radon-attributable lung cancer deaths that could be prevented.

MethodsWe calculated the population attributable risk percent, excess life-time risk ratio, life-years lost, the number of lung cancer deaths due to radon, and the number of deaths that could be prevented if all homes above various cut-points were effectively reduced to background levels.

ResultsIt is estimated that 13.6 % 95 % CI 11.0, 16.7 of lung cancer deaths in Ontario are attributable to radon, corresponding to 847 95 % CI 686, 1,039 lung cancer deaths each year, approximately 84 % of these in ever-smokers. If all homes above 200 Bq-m, the current Canadian guideline, were remediated to background levels, it is estimated that 91 lung cancer deaths could be prevented each year, 233 if remediation was performed at 100 Bq-m. There was important variation across health units.

ConclusionsRadon is an important contributor to lung cancer deaths in Ontario. A large portion of radon-attributable lung cancer deaths are from exposures below the current Canadian guideline, suggesting interventions that install effective radon-preventive measures into buildings at build may be a good alternative population prevention strategy to testing and remediation. For some health units, testing and remediation may also prevent a portion of radon-related lung cancer deaths. Regional attributable risk estimates can help with local public health resource allocation and decision making.

KeywordsRadon Lung cancer Ontario Canada Burden of illness  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Emily Peterson - Amira Aker - JinHee Kim - Ye Li - Kevin Brand - Ray Copes

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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