Prevalence of hypertension among federal ministry civil servants in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a call for a workplace-screening programReport as inadecuate




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BMC Cardiovascular Disorders

, 15:76

First Online: 22 July 2015Received: 11 March 2015Accepted: 29 June 2015DOI: 10.1186-s12872-015-0062-9

Cite this article as: Angaw, K., Dadi, A.F. & Alene, K.A. BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2015 15: 76. doi:10.1186-s12872-015-0062-9

Abstract

BackgroundThe prevalence of hypertension HTN is increasing rapidly in Ethiopia, but data are limited on hypertension prevalence in specific workplaces. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of hypertension among federal ministry civil servants.

MethodsInstitutional based cross sectional study was conducted from February to April 2014. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 655study participants. A standardized questionnaire adapted from The World Health Organization’s WHO STEP tool was used to collect the data. In this study, HTN was defined as mean systolic blood pressure SBP and diastolic blood pressure DBP of 140-90 mmHg and above, and patients on regular drug therapy for H. Data were entered into EPI-Info 3.5.2 and analyzed by SPSS version 20. Binary logistic regression model was used to identify associated factors. Odds ratio with 95 % CI was computed to assess the strength of the association and significant level.

ResultThe prevalence of hypertension was found to be 27.3 % 95 % CI 23.3 – 31 %. Civil servants of age 48 years and above AOR = 5.88, 95 % CI: 2.36-14.67, age 38-47 years AOR = 2.80, 95 % CI: 1.18-6.60 and age 28-37 years AOR = 2.35, 95 % CI: 1.00-5.56 were more likely to be hypertensive. Similarly, ever cigarette smoking AOR =2.341.31-4.17, family history of hypertension AOR = 3.26, 95 % CI 1.96-5.40, self-reported Diabetes Mellitus DM AOR = 13.56, 95 % CI: 6.91-26.6, and body mass index BMI > 25 kg-m AOR = 7.36, 95 % CI: 2.36-14.67 were found to be significantly associated with hypertension.

ConclusionThe prevalence of hypertension among federal ministry civil servants was found to be high; which is an indication for institution based hypertension-screening programs especially focusing on those aged 28 years and above, obese, DM patients and cigarette smokers.

KeywordsHypertension Ministries civil servants Ethiopia  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Kassawmar Angaw - Abel Fekadu Dadi - Kefyalew Addis Alene

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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