Heparanase activity in alveolar and embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma: implications for tumor invasionReport as inadecuate




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BMC Cancer

, 9:304

First Online: 28 August 2009Received: 11 March 2009Accepted: 28 August 2009DOI: 10.1186-1471-2407-9-304

Cite this article as: Masola, V., Maran, C., Tassone, E. et al. BMC Cancer 2009 9: 304. doi:10.1186-1471-2407-9-304

Abstract

BackgroundRhabdomyosarcoma RMS is a malignant soft tissue sarcoma of childhood including two major histological subtypes, alveolar ARMS and embryonal ERMS RMS. Like other human malignancies RMS possesses high metastatic potential, more pronounced in ARMS than in ERMS. This feature is influenced by several biological molecules, including soluble factors secreted by tumor cells, such as heparanase HPSE. HPSE is an endo-β-D-glucuronidase that cleaves heparan sulphate proteoglycans.

MethodsWe determined HPSE expression by Western blot analysis in ARMS and ERMS cells lines and activity in supernatants by an ELISA assay. Stable HPSE silencing has been performed by shRNA technique in RH30 and RD cell lines and their invasiveness has been evaluated by Matrigel-invasion assay. HPSE activity and mRNA expression have also been quantified in plasma and biopsies from RMS patients.

ResultsHPSE expression and activity have been detected in all RMS cell lines. Stable HPSE silencing by shRNA technique determined a significant knockdown of gene expression equal to 76% and 58% in RH30 and RD cell lines respectively and induced a less invasive behaviour compared to untreated cells. Finally, we observed that HPSE mRNA expression in biopsies was higher than in foetal skeletal muscle and that plasma from RMS patients displayed significantly more elevated HPSE levels than healthy subjects with a trend to higher levels in ARMS.

ConclusionIn conclusion, our data demonstrate for the first time HPSE expression and activity in RMS and highlight its involvement in tumor cell invasion as revealed by shRNA silencing. Moreover, HPSE expression in RMS patients is significantly higher with respect to healthy subjects. Further studies are warranted to assess possible relationships between HPSE and clinical behaviour in RMS.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2407-9-304 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Valentina Masola, Claudio Maran, Evelyne Tassone contributed equally to this work.

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Author: Valentina Masola - Claudio Maran - Evelyne Tassone - Angelica Zin - Angelo Rosolen - Maurizio Onisto

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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