Spontaneous bowel perforation complicating ventriculoperitoneal shunt: a case reportReport as inadecuate




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Cases Journal

, 2:8251

First Online: 07 August 2009Received: 10 June 2009Accepted: 30 July 2009DOI: 10.4076-1757-1626-2-8251

Cite this article as: Birbilis, T., Zezos, P., Liratzopoulos, N. et al. Cases Journal 2009 2: 8251. doi:10.4076-1757-1626-2-8251

Abstract

Ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement is an effective treatment of hydrocephalus diverting the cerebrospinal fluid into the peritoneal cavity. Unfortunately, the shunt devices have a high incidence of malfunction mainly due to catheter obstruction or infection and are associated with various complications, 25% of which are abdominal. Spontaneous bowel perforation is a rare potentially fatal complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunt occurring anytime, few weeks to several years, after the placement of the ventriculoperitoneal shunt device. A 54-year-old Greek man with spontaneous perforation of sigmoid colon as a complication of distal ventriculoperitoneal shunt migration was treated successfully by antibiotic prophylaxis and abdominal surgery. Clinicians managing patients with ventriculoperitoneal shunt must be familiar with its possible complications and be aware for early recognition of them.

AbbreviationsCNScentral nervous system

CSFcerebrospinal fluid

CTcomputer tomography

GCSGlasgow Coma Score

ICUintensive care unit

VPventriculo-peritoneal.

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Author: Theodosios Birbilis - Petros Zezos - Nikolaos Liratzopoulos - Anastasia Oikonomou - Michael Karanikas - Kosmas Kontogianidis

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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