PURIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF 2 ISOAPYRASES FROM SOLANUM-TUBEROSUM VAR ULTIMUSReport as inadecuate




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Two isoenzymes of ATP-diphosphohydrolase apyrase were extracted and purified from S. tuberosum var. Ultimus. Their hydrolytic activity ratios ATPase-ADPase were 1.0 apyrase B and ca 15.0 apyrase A. They were characterized and compared with apyrases of other varieties of S. tuberosum. Ultimus apyrases, like the other apyrases, did not hydrolyse esteric bonds but only pyrophosphate bonds of organic and inorganic compounds. The optimum pH of all the studied hydrolytic activities of the Ultimus apyrases A and B was 6, except for the ADPase of enzyme A which was 8. Both enzymes require bivalent metal ions for catalytic activity. The activation order for both Ultimus enzymes was: Ca2+>Mn2+>Mg2+>Co2+>Zn2+. Chemical modification of tryptophan, tyrosine, arginine and carboxylic residues decreased all enzymic activities of both apyrases. The modification of histidine residues reduced the ATPase and ADPase activities of the low ratio apyrase and the ATPase of the high ratio enzyme but did not affect its ADPase activity. Neither of the Ultimus apyrases showed the participation of -SH groups in the active site. The pI values obtained were: 5.45 for apyrase B and 6.56 for apyrase A. The absorption and the fluorescence spectra of the Ultimus isoenzymes were coincident. The amino acid composition of both isoenzymes is very similar, the number of histidines being the most remarkable difference. The amino acid composition of both isoenzymes does not explain the difference of one pH unit in the isoelectric point between the Ultimus enzymes A and B.Nota general

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Author: Kettlun, Ana María; - Urra, Raúl; - Leyton, Mario; - Valenzuela Pedevila, María Antonieta; - Mancilla, Marta; - Traverso Cori,

Source: http://repositorio.uchile.cl/



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