Ex vivo method to visualize and quantify vascular networks in native and tissue engineered skinReport as inadecuate




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Neovascularization plays a pivotal role in tissue engineering and tissue regeneration. However, reliable technologies to visualize and quantify blood vessel networks in target tissue areas are still pending. In this work, we introduce a new method which allows comparing vascularization levels in normal and tissue-engineered skin.Normal skin was isolated, and vascular dermal regeneration was analyzed based on tissue transillumination and computerized digital segmentation. For tissue-engineered skin, a bilateral full skin defect was created in a nude mouse model and then covered with a commercially available scaffold for dermal regeneration. After 3 weeks, the whole skin including scaffold for dermal regeneration was harvested, and vascularization levels were analyzed.The blood vessel network in the skin was better visualized by transillumination than by radio-angiographic studies, the gold standard for angiographies. After visualization, the whole vascular network was digitally segmented showing an excellent overlapping with the original pictures. Quantification over the digitally segmented picture was performed, and an index of vascularization area VAI and length VLI of the vessel network was obtained in target tissues. VAI-VLI ratio was calculated to obtain the vessel size index.We present a new technique which has several advantages compared to others, as animals do not require intravascular perfusions, total areas of interest can be quantitatively analyzed at once, and the same target tissue can be processed for further experimental analysis.



Author: Condurache, A.; - Lohmeyer, J. A.; - Kremer, Mathias; - Stoeckelhuber, B. M.; - Lavandero González, Sergio; - Egaña, José T; -

Source: http://repositorio.uchile.cl/



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