The Effectiveness of Jobs Reservation: Caste, Religion, and Economic Status in India Report as inadecuate




The Effectiveness of Jobs Reservation: Caste, Religion, and Economic Status in India - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Abstract

This article investigates the effect of jobs reservation on improving the economic opportunities of persons belonging to India’s Scheduled Castes SCand Scheduled Tribes ST. Using employment data from the 55th NSS round, the authors estimate the probabilities of different social groups in India being in one of three categories of economic status: own account workers; regular salaried or wage workers; casual wage labourers. Theseprobabilities are then used to decompose the difference between a group X and forward caste Hindus in the proportions of their members in regular salaried or wage employment. This decomposition allows us to distinguish between two forms of difference between group X and forward caste Hindus: ‘attribute’ differences and ‘coefficient’ differences. The authors measure the effects of positive discriminationin raising the proportions of ST-SC persons in regular salaried employment, and the discriminatory bias against Muslims who do not benefit from such policies. They conclude that the boost provided by jobs reservation policies was around 5 percentage points. They also conclude that an alternative and more effective way of raising the proportion of men from the SC-ST groups in regular salaried or wageemployment would be to improve theiremployment-related attributes.



Item Type: MPRA Paper -

Original Title: The Effectiveness of Jobs Reservation: Caste, Religion, and Economic Status in India-

English Title: The Effectiveness of Jobs Reservation: Caste, Religion, and Economic Status in India-

Language: English-

Keywords: Affirmative Action; Social Groups; India-

Subjects: J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J15 - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants ; Non-labor Discrimination-





Author: Borooah, Vani

Source: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/19421/







Related documents