The Latent Personality Structure of the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory.Report as inadecuate




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Among the more recent personality assessment tools used by counseling psychologists is Millon's Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI). This instrument was created, in part, to reflect the changes that had occurred in psychologists' understanding of personality, psychopathology, and diagnostic assessment. The MCMI is derived from Millon's biosocial learning theory of personality. Millon's personality theory is built upon a cross-matrix of four basic personality patterns with an active/passive dimension. The two sets of theoretical variables give rise to what is defined and quantified as the eight basic personality pattern scales on the MCMI. Although there is literature addressing the factor structure of the MCMI items, there is none addressing the theoretical structure presumed to underlie the scales of the instrument. This study tested Millon's theoretical framework and model of personality against actual MCMI scale data. The results of this study were clearly unsupportive of the basic personality scales of the MCMI as representing the latent biosocial personality structure proposed by Millon. The findings do not, however, mitigate against use of the MCMI as a clinical diagnostic tool. Five tables and two graphs illustrate findings. Contains 17 references. (LSR)

Descriptors: Behavior Rating Scales, Diagnostic Tests, Measures (Individuals), Personality Assessment, Personality Theories, Personality Traits, Psychological Testing, Research Tools, Scaling, Test Validity











Author: Lichtenberg, James W.; O-Brien, Karen M.

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=11946&id=ED400493



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