Gottfredsons Theory of Circumscription and Compromise: Implications for Career Counseling.Report as inadecuate




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An overview of L. S. Gottfredson's theory of circumscription and compromise (1981) is presented in this paper. Circumscription and compromise deal with the processes by which occupational aspirations are developed and sacrificed. Research has shown that targeting career awareness at an early age is important. The theory suggests that individuals will only consider occupations within an area bounded by their acceptable levels of prestige and sex type. Few studies have explored Gottfredson's theory, although empirical support for the model has been offered as evidence. Many of the studies involve a small sample size and few have dealt with the multicultural implications for this theory. Research indicates that the theory may be more complex than originally proposed but it does seem that the compromise component is fundamental to understanding career decision making. Some implications for counseling include incorporating atypical role models for elementary school students, proactive shaping of choices for secondary school students, and an emphasis on prestige and sex-type considerations for all students and clients. Even so, a variety of hypotheses need to be tested based upon the theory so as to examine how circumscription and compromise are related to making sound career decisions. Contains 13 references. (RJM)

Descriptors: Career Choice, Career Counseling, Career Guidance, Counseling, Counseling Psychology, Counseling Techniques, Counseling Theories, Decision Making, Evaluation Criteria, Vocational Interests











Author: Brott, Pamelia E.

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=11946&id=ED400482



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