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Reference: F. J. Aoiz, M. Brouard, C. J. Eyles et al., (2006). Cumulative reaction probabilities: a comparison between quasiclassical and quantum mechanical results. Journal of Chemical Physics, 125 (14), Article: 144105.Citable link to this page:

 

Cumulative reaction probabilities: a comparison between quasiclassical and quantum mechanical results

Abstract: This article presents a quasiclassical trajectory (QCT) method for determining the cumulative reaction probability (CRP) as a function of the total energy. The method proposed is based on a discrete sampling using integer values of the total and orbital angular momentum quantum numbers for each trajectory and on the development of equations that have a clear counterpart in the quantum mechanical (QM) case. The calculations comprise cumulative reaction probabilities at a given total angular momentum J, as well as those summed over J. The latter are used to compute QCT rate constants. The method is illustrated by comparing QCT and QM results for the H + H2, H + D2, D + H2, and H + HD reactions. The agreement between QCT and QM results is very good, with small discrepancies between the two data sets indicating some genuine quantum effects. The most important of these involves the value of the CRP at low energies which, due to the absence of tunneling, is lower in the QCT calculations, causing the corresponding rate constants to be smaller. The second is the steplike structure that is clearly displayed in the QM CRP for J=0, which is much smoother in the corresponding QCT results. However, when the QCT density of reactive states, i.e., the derivatives fo the QCT CRP with respect to the energy, is calculated, a succession of maxima and minima is obtained which roughly resembles those found in the QM calculations, although the latter are considerably sharper. The analysis of the broad peaks in the OCT density of reactive states indicates that the distributions of collision times associated with the maxima are somewhat broader, with a tail extending to larger collision times, than those associated with the mimima. In addition, the QM and QCT dynamics of the isotopic variants mentioned above are compared in the light of their CRPs. Issues such as the compliance of the QCT CRP with the law of microscopic reversibility, as well as the similarity between the CRPs for ortho and para species in the QM and QCT cases, are also addressed.

Publication status:PublishedPeer Review status:Peer reviewedVersion:Publisher's versionNotes:Copyright 2006 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared as Aoiz, F. J. et al. (2006). 'Cumulative reaction probabilities: a comparison between quasiclassical and quantum mechanical results', The Journal of Chemical Physics 125, 144105 and can be found at http://link.aip.org/link/?JCPSA6/125/144105/1.

Bibliographic Details

Publisher: American Institute of Physics

Publisher Website: http://www.aip.org/

Host: Journal of Chemical Physicssee more from them

Publication Website: http://jcp.aip.org/

Issue Date: 2006-10

Copyright Date: 2006

pages:Article: 144105Identifiers

Doi: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2353837

Issn: 0021-9606

Eissn: 1089-7690

Urn: uuid:0ceb88c1-d91c-4781-8509-0647e3e608a6 Item Description

Type: Article: post-print;

Language: en

Version: Publisher's versionKeywords: cumulative reaction probability quasiclassical trajectory calculations quantum mechanicsSubjects: Chemistry & allied sciences Physical & theoretical chemistry Tiny URL: ora:1734

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Author: F. J. Aoiz - institutionUniversidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain institutionUniversity of Oxford fundingSpanish Ministry of Educati

Source: https://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:0ceb88c1-d91c-4781-8509-0647e3e608a6



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