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Reference: Pellissery, Sony, (2006). The politics of social protection in rural India. DPhil. University of Oxford.Citable link to this page:

 

The politics of social protection in rural India Subtitle: A case study of two villages in Maharashtra

Abstract: Social protection should ideally create a framework of 'welfare rights' for thevulnerable individuals and households. The state, through a set of policies ofpromotive and protective measures, sets out to achieve this. However, gaining thesewelfare rights in a decentralised democratic framework could be a function of thebargaining power that each individual, household and social group may possess.Therefore the micro-level interactions involving claimant, bureaucrat and local elitesconstitute the key policy process. Study of the process itself can reveal why somehouseholds gain formal social protection and other fail. This study argues that thelocal practices and informal rules underlying these public policy processes arepurposively guided by the private interests of the local elites.At the heart of this dissertation is a comparative case-study of two villages in theIndian state of Maharashtra, based on eight months ethnographic fieldwork. Bottomupevaluation of two social protection programmes, public works (promotive) andsocial assistance (protective) programmes shows that 60 per cent of eligible personsare excluded from welfare rights. The mechanisms of exclusion and inclusion in theseprogrammes are studied. The study reveals that both eligibility and entitlement to'welfare rights' are contested within the power structure of the local community. Thesocial identity of the claimant, and the ability to build a relationship with the localleaders or labour market managers act as key routes to access welfare rights. Theprecedence of informal rules at the stage of implementation of social protectionprogrammes reproduced the existing social and economic power structures. As aresult, the welfare rights of individuals and households are affected by the competingforces in the non-state sectors. These non-state actors, through their network, wereable to weaken the administration and fair allocation of welfare benefits.Through this analysis the thesis contributes to the understanding of the local state, anddecision-making practices over welfare rights in a decentralised context.

Type of Award:DPhil Level of Award:Doctoral Awarding Institution: University of Oxford Notes:The digital copy of this thesis has been made available thanks to the generosity of Dr Leonard Polonsky

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 Bibliographic Details

Issue Date: 2006Identifiers

Urn: uuid:89acdf33-794a-4dde-b112-3800fc716fd8

Source identifier: 602448360 Item Description

Type: Thesis;

Language: eng Subjects: India Maharastra 21st century Maharastra (India) Public welfare Social service Social conditions Social policy Social life and customs Tiny URL: td:602448360

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Author: Pellissery, Sony - institutionUniversity of Oxford institutionSt. Cross College University of Oxford facultyDept. of Social Polic

Source: https://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:89acdf33-794a-4dde-b112-3800fc716fd8



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