An Analysis by State of the Number of Disabled Youths Ages 12-17 and 18-21 Served from 1984 through 1988.Report as inadecuate

An Analysis by State of the Number of Disabled Youths Ages 12-17 and 18-21 Served from 1984 through 1988. - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Data from the Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Education of the Disabled Act were analyzed to determine patterns of services to disabled youths over a 4-year period by state, age, and type of disabling condition. Using the data for high school students and the 3 years immediately after high school, the study examined services offered to youths before and after the transition from school to work. A breakdown by type of disabling condition was included to evaluate differences in services rendered for each subgroup. The first data analysis describes the patterns and trends in the actual numbers of disabled youths served. These numbers are then expressed as percentages to emphasize the relative proportions contributed by each type of condition to the total numbers served, followed by the percentage each state contributes to the national total for a given type of condition. Analysis of variance is then employed to test for significant differences by year and age. Several modes of data presentation are used: raw numbers and percentages of youth served are presented in tabular form, trends in the three most important conditions are presented separately in bar graphs, a national map displays the number of individuals served by each state, and the state percentages of national totals for five important types of conditions are presented in a series of bar graphs. The raw data derived from the annual reports are presented in an appendix. The study concluded that: total services to disabled youth decreased greatly after high school; total services were stable over the 4 years; each type of condition varied by number of youth served, age, and longitudinal trend; and state agencies displayed wide variability in the number of youths served and specialization by type of condition. (JDD)

Descriptors: Age Differences, Disabilities, Education Work Relationship, Educational Trends, High School Students, High Schools, Program Implementation, Rehabilitation Programs, Special Education, State Programs, Transitional Programs, Trend Analysis, Vocational Rehabilitation

Author: Tu, Jho-Ju; And Others



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