Evaluation of the Focal Skills Pilot ESL Program at Golden West College, 1993-94.Report as inadecuate




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Beginning in fall 1993, Golden West College, in California, began pilot testing an English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) course adapted from the Focal Skills approach, which features instruction in intensive modules in listening, reading, writing, and general immersion. The listening and reading skills modules were offered in the fall 1993 semester, followed by the writing skills and immersion modules in spring 1994. To measure the effectiveness of the pilot courses, student performance in two sections, as measured by Focal Skills assessment instruments, was compared with that of students in two regular ESL sections during the fall 1993 semester. In addition, analyses were included of the continued skill development of pilot students through spring 1994 and ensuing course referrals. Results generally indicated that both the Focal Skills and comparison groups showed significant but comparable gains in reading and writing skills in the fall 1993 semester. Spring semester measurement showed that pilot students continued to make marked gains. Comparisons of the spring 1994 semester course referrals indicated a nonsignificant tendency for higher level course referrals for the pilot group students. At best, the results constituted marginal evidence for the effectiveness of the Focal Skills pilot. However, since the control and pilot students were not randomly assigned and were self-selected, caution must be taken in interpreting these findings and it is recommended that a second year pilot and evaluation be conducted. Data tables and a description of ESL courses at the college are attached. (Author/KP)

Descriptors: Community Colleges, Comparative Analysis, Curriculum Design, Educational Strategies, English (Second Language), Outcomes of Education, Pilot Projects, Second Language Instruction, Teaching Models, Two Year Colleges











Author: Isonio, Steven

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=10399&id=ED372815



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