Collaborative Invention in Computer Prototype Design: Negotiating Group Processes and Artifacts.Report as inadecuate




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A study looked at four groups of mostly senior graphic and industrial design students in their final semester capstone course--a collaborative studio project intended to give them the opportunity to apply their design expertise to real-world problems for real clients. The study examined the ways in which one of these groups used arguments to handle the developmental and communication-based difficulties of approaching an open-ended project. Data were collected through structured and semi-structured interviews, direct observations, and archived documents and drawings. The scenario called for the participants to design the next family of Apple computers; the largest computer was to be a desktop sort and the others hand-held or wearable. A vocabulary developed by the observation team proved helpful in evaluating the functioning of the student design team: requirements (features considered necessary for the proposed design); criteria (the norms that are necessary to fulfill the design requirements and the relative weight that should be given to each of these norms); models (prior designs that can serve as potential analogs to the current design); plans (which exist at the confluence of requirements, criteria and models); and prototypes (more costly than plans, they are refined enough to "work"). An examination of how one group worked through these various stages shows the enormous potential for conflict, frustration and confusion. Generally, however, the student group worked smoothly, especially after plans and prototypes were on the table. (TB)

Descriptors: Capstone Experiences, College Students, Communication (Thought Transfer), Computers, Cooperation, Group Discussion, Group Dynamics, Higher Education, Vocabulary











Author: Werner, Mark

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=10185&id=ED374458







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