Calculators in Primary Mathematics: An Analysis of Classroom Activities.Report as inadecuate

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The Calculators in Primary Mathematics Project was a long-term investigation into the effects of the introduction of calculators on the learning and teaching of primary mathematics. The Australian project commenced with children who were in kindergarten and grade 1 in 1990, moving up through the schools to grade 4 level by 1993. Children were given their own calculators to use when they wished, while teachers were provided with some systematic professional support. Over 60 teachers and 1,000 children participated in the project. This paper examines the type of classroom activities chosen by teachers. It describes the types of uses of the calculator that have become an established part of new teaching practices. Categories of use were derived from a variety of informal observations and a formal observation schedule used with a random sample of teachers (n=11). Three major functions for the calculator were common: for recording, for counting, and for operating arithmetically on numbers. Contains 16 references. (MKR)

Descriptors: Calculators, Class Activities, Elementary Education, Elementary School Teachers, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Instruction, Observation, Teacher Attitudes, Use Studies

Author: Stacey, Kaye


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