Performance Approach, Performance Avoidance and Depth of Information Processing: A Fresh Look at Relations between Students Academic Motivation and Cognition.Report as inadecuate




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This study combines a trichotomous motivational variable (mastery goal, performance approach, and performance avoidance goal) with an information-processing variable referred to as depth of processing, to investigate the effects of motivation on the encoding and recall of verbal information with a sample of infants and primary grade students (N=201) in Sydney, Australia. This study was able to replicate the design and pattern of results concerning the relationship between students' motivational orientations and the depth of students' information processing achieved by Graham and Golan. After analyzing the motivational prompts by Graham and Golan and recording similar results, it appears that they assessed a performance-avoidance rather than an ego-involving (performance-approach) condition. The results indicate that, even in the presence of a performance-avoidance or approach orientation, recall of verbal information was superior when it was analyzed for meaning (deep processing) rather than when the focus was on superficial characteristics (shallow processing). This indicates that deep processing may be relatively robust to varying motivational conditions. More differences were evident at the deeper levels of processing and in the second interview, which may indicate that motivational orientation may have "sleeper" effects on students' retrieval of information. (Contains 44 references, 2 figures, and 3 tables.) (Author/MKA)

Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Processes, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Interviews, Literature Reviews, Objectives, Recall (Psychology), Research, Student Motivation, Verbal Ability











Author: Barker, Katrina; Dowson, Martin

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=8009&id=ED430186



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