Community Colleges in the United States: a Geographical Perspective.Report as inadecuate




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Community colleges have always been strongly tied to their local communities, and arose out of an egalitarian approach to higher education. The Morrill Act of 1862 created the American land grant universities, with an emphasis on practical education in agriculture and technical fields. In addition, a number of private two-year "junior colleges" were established in the United States by the end of the century, and the first public junior college was founded in 1901 in Joliet, Illinois. This booklet details community college history and development from this time, paying special attention to geography and its influence on enrollment. Several U.S. maps, with accompanying text, are included, detailing community college enrollment in fall 1994, enrollment as a proportion of all public undergraduate enrollment, minority students as a proportion of enrollment in community colleges, community college tuition as a proportion of tuition at four-year public colleges, and full-time faculty salaries at community colleges as a proportion of salaries at public four-year colleges. A case study of the Virginia community college system is included to illustrate the development of state-wide systems. Contains 18 references. (EMH)

Descriptors: Community Colleges, Educational History, Enrollment, Enrollment Trends, Geography, Government School Relationship, Institutional Mission, Minority Groups, School Community Relationship, School Demography, School Role, Student Characteristics, Two Year Colleges, Vocational Education











Author: Andrews, Alice C.; Fonseca, James W.

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=7838&id=ED419570







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