Novice Administrators: Psychological and Physiological Effects.Report as inadecuate




Novice Administrators: Psychological and Physiological Effects. - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.





Novice school administrators find that demands for excellence have grown while budgets have shrunk. This paper reports on a study that examined the stress levels of beginning administrators. Two of the key questions for the study--Is the stress experienced by new school administrators manageable or out of control? and Does the job put beginning school administrators at risk?--were answered by determining if new administrators experience measurable changes in blood pressure. For the research, 43 beginning school administrators (25 females, 32 Caucasians, 9 African-Americans, 2 Hispanics) were monitored over a 3-year period. Sixteen of the administrators were principals, 14 were assistant principals, and 13 were based at the central office. The study was conducted in a large Midwestern megalopolis. Results based on measurements of systolic and diastolic blood pressure indicate a significant main effect for systolic pressure and ethnicity. The average mean systolic pressure score for African-Americans exhibited a dramatic increase. There were no significant differences for systolic pressure between genders. An analysis of change in diastolic pressure yielded a significant main effect: all beginning administrators, both building-based and those in the central office, demonstrated a significant increase in diastolic pressure, suggesting that all novices were vulnerable. Contains 22 references. (RJM)

Descriptors: Administrator Behavior, Administrators, Assistant Principals, Beginning Principals, Elementary Secondary Education, Hypertension, Longitudinal Studies, Psychological Patterns, Psychophysiology, School Administration, Stress Variables











Author: Schmidt, Linda J.; Kosmoski, Georgia J.; Pollack, Dennis R.

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=7761&id=ED427386



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents