How Effective Are Different Welfare-to-Work Approaches Five-Year Adult and Child Impacts for Eleven Programs. National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.Report as inadecuate




How Effective Are Different Welfare-to-Work Approaches Five-Year Adult and Child Impacts for Eleven Programs. National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies. - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.





The 5-year impacts of mandatory welfare-to-work programs on welfare recipients and their children were examined by using a rigorous research design called a social experiment to examine 11 welfare-to-work programs in 6 states (California, Georgia, Michigan, Ohio, Oklahoma, and Oregon). Four employment-focused and seven education-focused programs were examined. Data were collected from administrative records, state and county welfare payment records, and surveys of mothers and children over the 5-year study. In the absence of welfare-to-work programs, approximately three-fourths of single-parent welfare recipients found jobs and more than half left the welfare roles. Although few of the 11 programs improved on that already-high rate of job finding, nearly all the programs helped single parents work more hours during more quarters of the follow-up period and earn more than they would have in the absence of a program. The most effective program used an employment-focused approach that initially assigned some enrollees to very short-term education and training and others to job search. Impacts for children differed more by program site than by welfare-to-work approach. The following items are appended: table and figure notes; supplementary tables; a survey response analysis; a comparison of impacts estimated from different data sources; and selected impacts for various child survey samples. (Contains 121 tables and 282 references.) (MN)

Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Child Care, Client Characteristics (Human Services), Comparative Analysis, Cost Effectiveness, Delivery Systems, Education Work Relationship, Educational Attainment, Employed Women, Employment Patterns, Employment Programs, Employment Services, Evaluation Methods, Family Income, Family Life, Family Programs, Federal State Relationship, Human Capital, Longitudinal Studies, Measurement Techniques, National Surveys, Program Costs, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Quality of Life, Salary Wage Differentials, State Action, Trend Analysis, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform

Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, New York 10016. Tel: 212-532-3200; Web site: http://www.mdrc.org. For full text: http://www.mdrc.org/Reports2001/NEWWS_FinalReport/newws_final5yr. pdf









Author: Hamilton, Gayle; Freedman, Stephen; et al.

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=6457&id=ED469792



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