Evaluation of a real world intervention using professional football players to promote a healthy diet and physical activity in children and adolescents from a lower socio-economic background: a controlled pretest-posttest designReport as inadecuate




Evaluation of a real world intervention using professional football players to promote a healthy diet and physical activity in children and adolescents from a lower socio-economic background: a controlled pretest-posttest design - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

(2014)BMC PUBLIC HEALTH.14. Mark abstract Background: The increasing rates of obesity among children and adolescents, especially in those from lower socio-economic backgrounds, emphasise the need for interventions promoting a healthy diet and physical activity. The present study aimed to examine the effectiveness of the ‘Health Scores!’ program, which combined professional football player role models with a school-based program to promote a healthy diet and physical activity to socially vulnerable children and adolescents.Methods: The intervention was implemented in two settings: professional football clubs and schools. Socially vulnerable children and adolescents (n=165 intervention group, n=440 control group, aged 10-14 year) provided self-reported data on dietary habits and physical activity before and after the four-month intervention. Intervention effects were evaluated using repeated measures analysis of variance. In addition, a process evaluation was conducted.Results: No intervention effects were found for several dietary behaviours, including consumption of breakfast, fruit, soft drinks or sweet and savoury snacks. Positive intervention effects were found for self-efficacy for having a daily breakfast (p<0.01), positive attitude towards vegetables consumption (p<0.01) and towards lower soft drink consumption (p<0.001). A trend towards significance (p<0.10) was found for self-efficacy for reaching the physical activity guidelines. For sports participation no significant intervention effect was found. In total, 92 pupils completed the process evaluation, the feedback was largely positive.Conclusions: The ‘Health Scores!’ intervention was successful in increasing psychosocial correlates of a healthy diet and PA. The use of professional football players as a credible source for health promotion was appealing to socially vulnerable children and adolescents.

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication: http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-5797335



Author: Veerle Dubuy, Katrien De Cocker , Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij , Lea Maes , Jan Seghers, Johan Lefevre, Kristine De Martelaer, Hannah Bro

Source: https://biblio.ugent.be/publication/5797335



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