The impact of accelerated right prefrontal high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation rTMS on cue-reactivity: an fMRI study on craving in recently detoxified alcohol-dependent patientsReport as inadecuate




The impact of accelerated right prefrontal high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation rTMS on cue-reactivity: an fMRI study on craving in recently detoxified alcohol-dependent patients - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

(2015)PLOS ONE.10(8). Mark abstract In alcohol-dependent patients craving is a difficult-to-treat phenomenon. It has been suggested that high-frequency (HF) repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) may have beneficial effects. However, exactly how this application exerts its effect on the underlying craving neurocircuit is currently unclear. In an effort to induce alcohol craving and to maximize detection of HF-rTMS effects to cue-induced alcohol craving, patients were exposed to a block and event-related alcohol cue-reactivity paradigm while being scanned with fMRI. Hence, we assessed the effect of right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) stimulation on cue-induced and general alcohol craving, and the related craving neurocircuit. Twenty-six recently detoxified alcohol-dependent patients were included. First, we evaluated the impact of one sham-controlled stimulation session. Second, we examined the effect of accelerated right DLPFC HF-rTMS treatment: here patients received 15 sessions in an open label accelerated design, spread over 4 consecutive days. General craving significantly decreased after 15 active HF-rTMS sessions. However, cue-induced alcohol craving was not altered. Our brain imaging results did not show that the cue-exposure affected the underlying craving neurocircuit after both one and fifteen active HF-rTMS sessions. Yet, brain activation changes after one and 15 HF-rTMS sessions, respectively, were observed in regions associated with the extended reward system and the default mode network, but only during the presentation of the event-related paradigm. Our findings indicate that accelerated HF-rTMS applied to the right DLPFC does not manifestly affect the craving neurocircuit during an alcohol-related cue-exposure, but instead it may influence the attentional network.

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication: http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-6920969



Author: Sarah C Herremans, Peter Van Schuerbeek, Rudi De Raedt , Frieda Matthys, Ronald Buyl, Johan De Mey and Chris Baeken

Source: https://biblio.ugent.be/publication/6920969



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