The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure IRAP as a measure of spider fear, avoidance and approachReport as inadecuate




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(2016)PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD.66(3).p.337-349 Mark abstract The current study examined the use of the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) as a measure of spider fear, approach, and avoidance. Participants were drawn from a normative sample of university undergraduates. Experiment 1employed two IRAPs, one targeting spider fear, the other targeting spider approach/avoidance. The Fear of Spiders Questionnaire (FSQ) and a Behavioral Approach Task (BAT) using a spider moult were also employed. Negative response biases for spider fear and avoidance, but not for approach, were recorded. The bias for fear was significantly stronger than for avoidance and approach. Both IRAP's failed to provide evidence for the predicative validity of the IRAP in terms of the BAT. Experiment 2 was a partial replication of Experiment 1 but using a live house spider instead of a moult for the BAT. A similar pattern of results was obtained across the two IRAPs, but one specific trial-type (SpiderApproach) predicted approach responses on the BAT. The research, thus, replicated a previously published study by Nicholson and Barnes-Holmes (2012), thus supporting the predictive validity of the IRAP but at a level of precision not provided in the earlier study. Implications for applied research are considered.

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication: http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-7190157



Author: Aileen Leech , Patrick Michael Dermot Barnes-Holmes and Lara Madden

Source: https://biblio.ugent.be/publication/7190157



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