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Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University (NJ1)

Approximately one quarter of U.S. students do not graduate from high school with their peers. Failing to complete high school severely limits opportunities for employment and future financial stability. High school dropouts earn lower wages through their lifetime and work for fewer years. The costs to society of high school dropouts are also high and include lost tax revenue and a citizenship that is less civically engaged and more reliant on government subsidies. The Grad Nation Campaign of the America's Promise Alliance aims to raise awareness of the dropout crisis and to mobilize action to improve the high school graduation rate. The Alliance has established a goal that at least 90 percent of the class of 2020 will earn a high school diploma, with no high school graduating less than 80 percent of its students. During the next decade, it will be important to track the nation's progress toward this goal. This report identifies 10 national and state indicators of academic achievement and youth success that the scientific literature has shown to be important factors for future well-being. Each indicator is based on valid, reliable, and nationally-representative information that allows for tracking historical trends and is likely to be available in future years, so that progress can be monitored. The authors examine changes in each indicator over the most recent eight to ten years. The report also documents the achievement gap that persists across many educational domains. Reducing racial and ethnic gaps while raising the achievement of all youth is an important step in preparing the nation's youth for success. The 10 indicators, along with a brief description of their importance, are provided in this paper. The remainder of the report focuses on describing recent trends related to these indicators. The 10 indicators include: (1) High School Graduation; (2) 9th to 10th Grade Promotion; (3) Preschool Enrollment; (4) 4th Grade Reading Proficiency; (5) 8th Grade Math Proficiency; (6) 8th Grade Science Proficiency; (7) College Enrollment among Young Adults; (8) Voting among Young Adults; (9) Volunteering and Service among Young Adults; and (10) Participation in Extracurricular Activities. (Contains 28 figures.)

Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, Dropouts, Enrollment, Taxes, Extracurricular Activities, Graduation, Young Adults, Wages, Educational Indicators, Educational Trends, Trend Analysis, College Attendance, Citizen Participation, Graduation Rate, Student Promotion, Preschool Education, Voting, Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement, Science Achievement, Elementary School Students, High School Students

Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University. 257 Sanford Institute of Public Policy, P.O. Box 90264, Durham, NC 27708-0264. Tel: 919-613-7319; Fax: 919-681-1533; e-mail: childpolicy[at]duke.edu; Web site: http://www.childandfamilypolicy.duke.edu





Author: Gifford, Beth; Evans, Kelly; Berlin, Lisa; Bai, Yu

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=3902&id=ED540120



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