Violence Prevention and School Climate Reform. School Climate Brief, Number 5Report as inadecuate




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National School Climate Center

Research has demonstrated that a positive school climate is an essential part of violence prevention. Many factors influence the association between school climate and behavioral outcomes. Positive school climate alone cannot prevent all variables that may contribute to the expression of aggression. Nevertheless, positive school climates influence behavioral outcomes (e.g., lower rates of aggression, victimization, and dropout), may add to youth's resilience factors, and can provide conditions that foster proactive behaviors and well-being. For example, schools may influence youth's exposure to aggression such as bullying. After a brief discussion of the multiple associations of aggression, this article specifically addresses the role of aspects of school climate--school environment, safety, and relationships--in the prevention of violence. As will be shown, factors discussed in this article may influence each other. For example, safety influences relationships as well as performance and behaviors. Relationships affect safety, performance, and behaviors.

Descriptors: Violence, Prevention, School Culture, Educational Environment, Aggression, Student Behavior, Well Being, Victims, School Safety, Interpersonal Relationship, School Size, Leadership Styles, Bullying, Incidence, Homosexuality, Sexual Orientation, Sexual Identity, Computer Mediated Communication, Parent Child Relationship

National School Climate Center. 341 West 38th Street 9th Floor, New York, NY 10018. Tel: 212-707-8799; e-mail: info[at]schoolclimate.org; Web site: http://www.schoolclimate.org





Author: Nader, Kathleen

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=2809&id=ED573695







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