Women in Intercollegiate Sport: A Longitudinal, National Study. Thirty-Five Year Update, 1977-2012Report as inadecuate




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Acosta - Carpenter

In 1970, prior to the 1972 enactment of Title IX, there were only 2.5 women's teams per school and a total of only about 16,000 female intercollegiate athletes. In 1977/1978, the academic year preceding the mandatory compliance date for Title IX, the number of varsity sports for women had grown to 5.61 per school. A decade later, in 1988, the number had grown to 7.71 and at the turn of the century, the growth continued to 8.14. Today, in 2012, the average number of women's teams per school sets an all time record of 8.73 giving weight to the adage: "If you build it, they will come." This report is the latest update on a longitudinal national survey which examines: (1) the athletics job market for females; (2) participation opportunities for females; (3) head coaching opportunities for females; (4) assistant coaching opportunities for women; (5) administrative opportunities for women; (6) athletic training employment opportunities for women; (7) sports information directors (SIDs) employment opportunities for women; and (8) strength and conditioning coaching (S/C) opportunities for women. [For prior reports, see ED570884 (2006), ED570885 (2008), and ED570886 (2010).]

Descriptors: Womens Athletics, College Athletics, Intercollegiate Cooperation, Longitudinal Studies, National Surveys, School Statistics, Athletic Coaches, Labor Market, Employment Opportunities, Women Administrators, Information Scientists, Statistical Data, Statistical Surveys, Student Participation, Tables (Data), Females, Trend Analysis, Educational Legislation, Sex Fairness, Federal Legislation, Gender Discrimination, Higher Education, Physical Education Teachers

Acosta / Carpenter. P.O. Box 42, West Brookfield, MA 01585. e-mail: womeninsport[at]charter.net; Web site: http://acostacarpenter.org





Author: Acosta, R. Vivian; Carpenter, Linda Jean

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=2571&id=ED570883







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