Ecological Modelling of Individual and Contextual Influences: A Person-in-Environment Framework for Hypothetico-Deductive Information Behaviour ResearchReport as inadecuate




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Information Research: An International Electronic Journal, v20 n1 Mar 2015

Introduction: This paper discusses the person-in-environment framework, which proposes the inclusion of environmental factors, alongside personal factors, as the explanatory factors of individual-level information behaviour and outcome. Method: The paper first introduces the principles and schematic formulas of the person-in-environment framework. It then presents the findings of an empirical verification study. Analysis: A multi-way ANOVA test was conducted to verify the person-in-environment framework. The main and interaction effects of eight individual and information environment variables on individual academic performance were tested. Results: Four main effects (baseline academic grade, outcome expectation, home computer resources, and public library usage) and two interaction effects (home computer resources x public library usage; public library usage x neighbourhood public library resource level) were significant. Conclusions: The person-in-environment framework framework can help identify significant environmental interaction effects that would have been missed in studies that included only personal factors. [This paper was published in: "Proceedings of ISIC: The Behaviour Conference" (Leeds, England, Sep 2-5, 2014), Part 2, Paper isic19.]

Descriptors: Environmental Influences, Statistical Analysis, Interaction, Academic Achievement, Access to Computers, Public Libraries, Context Effect, Access to Information, High School Students, Neighborhoods, Use Studies, Self Efficacy, Socioeconomic Status, Longitudinal Studies, Correlation

Thomas D. Wilson. 9 Broomfield Road, Broomhill, Sheffield, S10 2SE, UK. Web site: http://informationr.net/ir





Author: Sin, Sei-Ching Joanna

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=2268&id=EJ1060496







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