Crossing spatial analyses and livestock economics to understand deforestation processes in the Brazilian Amazon: the case of Sao Felix do Xingu in South Para Report as inadecuate




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The Amazon is the largest tropical forest area on Earth, and has been undergoing rapid deforestation for the last fourdecades. In the Brazilian Amazon, large-scale pasture for cattle ranching and soybean production are the main land uses,leading to a yearly deforestation rate of 0.5%. These conversions are mostly located in frontier areas distributed along theso-called arc of deforestation. Within this large zone, various land use change processes are interacting through severalmodes of land valuation and organisation. From several case studies in the State of Para (Brazil), the current project aims atanalysing how landscape dynamics are related to infrastructure development, ecological conditions, zoning policies and to theevolution and the organisation of the production, consumption and marketing chains of livestock products. This paper presentsthe results for one test site, the region of Sao Felix do Xingu, South of Para. This region is the focus of land speculation,cattle expansion, and deforestation. Road construction, investments in electrical energy, financial credit for cattle, and theland reform policies have all fuelled this process. All these factors make this region one of the most dynamic agriculturalfrontiers in the Brazilian Amazon. The main objective of the paper is to improve our understanding of deforestation processesby crossing spatial analyses and livestock economics studies, and to characterise the role and impact of various natural andanthropic factors in the location and development of the main types of farmers, and their policy implications.© 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords: Spatial modelling ; Livestock commodity chains ; Typology of farmers ; Deforestation ; Brazilian Amazon

Subject(s): Land Economics/Use

Livestock Production/Industries

Issue Date: 2002-11

Publication Type: Journal Article

PURL Identifier: http://purl.umn.edu/177798 Published in: Agricultural Economics: The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists, Volume 27, Issue 3 Page range: 269-294

Total Pages: 26

Record appears in: International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE) > Agricultural Economics: The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists





Author: Mertens, B. ; Poccard-Chapuis, R. ; Piketty, M.G. ; Lacques, A.E. ; Venturieri, A.

Source: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/177798?ln=en







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