A comparison of innovation in the Scottish livestock sector: the case of genetic selection techniques Report as inadecuate




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This paper compares innovation systems in three main Scottish livestock sectors: dairy, beef, andsheep, using the uptake of Estimated Breed Values (EBVs) across these three sectors. We apply aninnovation systems approach to identify systemic challenges within these sectors. Barriers to theadoption of genetic techniques in all three sectors were identified through interviews with nationalexperts and via a stakeholder workshop.Three types of barrier emerged: practical barriers – such as low fertility rates for artificial inseminationin sheep; social barriers such as farmer’s scepticism; and market/supply chain barriers, such aslimited information flow to farmers within the beef and sheep sectors. We use the innovation systemfailures framework developed by Weber and Rohracherb (2012) to identify the broad failures withinthese sectors such as information asymmetries, infrastructure and institutional failures.We show the dairy sector avoids some of these challenges, particularly practical barriers, andmarket/supply chain barriers. The attributes of the dairy innovation system which enable this arediscussed such as data collection management, information on bulls frequently published, and theinvolvement of breed societies. Finally, solutions are suggested to resolve these innovation systemsfailures in the livestock sectors.

Keywords: Innovation systems ; Estimated Breed Values ; Dairy ; Beef ; Sheep ; Systemic failures

Subject(s): Demand and Price Analysis

International Relations/Trade

Livestock Production/Industries

Marketing

Issue Date: 2014-04

Publication Type: Conference Paper/ Presentation

PURL Identifier: http://purl.umn.edu/169745

Total Pages: 19

JEL Codes: Q1

Record appears in: Agricultural Economics Society > 88th Annual Conference, April 9-11, 2014, AgroParisTech, Paris, France





Author: Borthwick, F. A. ; Barnes, Andrew Peter ; Lamprinopoulou-Kranis, Chrysa

Source: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/169745?ln=en







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