The Efficient Boundaries of International Agricultural Research: A Conceptual Framework with Empirical Illustrations Report as inadecuate




The Efficient Boundaries of International Agricultural Research: A Conceptual Framework with Empirical Illustrations - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

The role of international agricultural research centers (IARCs) has long been asubject of discussion, often with emphasis that they should conduct research thatproduces international public goods (IPGs). However, centers still face a dilemma onhow to balance between IPGs and location-specific work. This paper contributes tothe development of principles by which they should position themselves. Transactioncost economics was applied to develop a framework, which is then illustrated with anempirical case study of legume research at the International Crops Research Institutefor the Semi-Arid Tropics. A participatory mapping technique (Net-Map) wascombined with key informant interviews in India, Malawi and Ethiopia. We find thatIARCS play an important role in germplasm improvement, the field in which theyhave a comparative advantage. However, due to insufficient capacity of nationalsystems, they also engage in downstream activities. This reduces incentives forgovernments and donors to overcome governance challenges.

Keywords: Agricultural innovation ; comparative advantage ; research spillovers ; transaction costs ; CGIAR

Subject(s): Agricultural and Food Policy

Issue Date: 2015

Publication Type: Conference Paper/ Presentation

PURL Identifier: http://purl.umn.edu/211826

Total Pages: 39

JEL Codes: Q16

Record appears in: International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE) > 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy





Author: Kamanda, Josey ; Birner, Regina ; Bantilan, Cynthia

Source: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/211826?ln=en







Related documents