College Opportunities and Success: Baltimore City Graduates through the Class of 2014Report as inadecuate




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Baltimore Education Research Consortium

The total number of Baltimore City Schools (City Schools) graduates who enrolled in college the next fall declined across the Classes of 2007-2014. The percentage of graduates enrolling in college also decreased by more than 7.0 percentage points, from 49.8% to 42.0%. At the same time, the total number of high school graduates increased, as cohort graduation rates among City Schools students increased by 8.2%. High school graduation rates may reduce college enrollment rates in the aggregate by simultaneously increasing the overall number eligible for college and changing the composition of a graduating class, as some of these added students may experience greater barriers to continuing their academic career. Where graduates choose to begin college also appears to have significant implications for future degree completion. Approximately 2.0 - 6.0% of graduates who first enrolled in a 2-year college completed a 4-year degree within six years, while about 10.0% completed either a 2-year or 4- year degree (or both). In contrast, approximately 43.0% of those who started at a 4-year college completed degrees within six years. For the first time, the authors present comparisons of fall college enrollment by sending high school. The results represent the vast differences between schools in student characteristics, resources, and challenges, as they found stark variation in enrollment outcomes, both within and across high school types. As would be expected, entrance criteria schools have had the largest percentages of its graduating students enrolling in higher education in the fall after high school, though the share attending 4-year colleges has declined in recent years. This latter trend reflects the pattern for the district as a whole. Moreover, entrance criteria schools differ in terms of enrollment rates by as much as 25.0%. We also found that a number of Traditional high schools' graduates enroll in college the following fall at rates that are somewhat higher than for CTE high schools with entrance criteria. Five appendices are included: (1) Data Sources and Collection Methods; (2) Data Processing and Methods of Analysis; (3) Graduation (4-Year Cohort Rates) and Fall College Enrollment for the Baltimore City Schools Graduating Classes of 2010 through 2014; (4) First Fall College Enrollment and College Type for the Baltimore City Schools Graduating Classes of 2012 through 2014, by High School; (5) Degree Completion Outcomes within Six Years for City Schools Graduates and Subgroups, Classes of 2007 through 2009.

Descriptors: Urban Schools, High School Graduates, College Bound Students, Enrollment Rate, Declining Enrollment, Graduation Rate, Educational Attainment, Barriers, College Graduates, Access to Education, College Readiness, Scheduling, Institutional Characteristics, Community Colleges, Student Records, School Statistics, Academic Persistence, College Entrance Examinations, Aptitude Tests, High Schools

Baltimore Education Research Consortium. 2701 North Charles Street Suite 300, Baltimore, MD 21218. Tel: 410-516-4044; Web site: http://www.baltimore-berc.org





Author: Durham, Rachel E.; Stein, Marc L.; Connolly, Faith

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=1188&id=ED570670



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