Gamesmanship Beliefs of High School CoachesReport as inadecuate

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ICHPER-SD Journal of Research, v8 n1 p20-24 Spr-Sum 2013

This study evaluated gamesmanship beliefs of high school coaches from a rural Midwestern state in the United States. Two hundred and fifty-six coaches participated in this study with comparisons drawn by gender, highest level of participation, formal coaching training, years of experience, and officiating experience. Participants completed a 25-statement survey. The survey consisted of 25 gamesmanship statements that asked subjects to indicate if an action was clearly acceptable (1), acceptable (2), unacceptable (3), or clearly unacceptable (4). Chronbach's Alpha measure (a=0.938) indicated a high consistency and reliability for the statements on the survey instrument. A crosstabs analysis provided Pearson Chi-Square or Fischer Exact tests to identify statistical significance within the variables. For all of the statements, a majority of respondents identified the statements as either unacceptable or clearly unacceptable. In addition, there were very few significant differences based on gender, highest level of participation, yearsof coaching experience, formal coaching education, or officiating experience. (Contains 2 tables.)

Descriptors: High Schools, Athletic Coaches, Comparative Analysis, Gender Differences, Experience, Training, Participation, Attitude Measures, Beliefs, Sportsmanship, Ethics, Values, Sport Psychology, Athletics, Behavior, Rural Schools

International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance. 1900 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 703-476-3462; Fax: 703-476-9527; e-mail: ichper[at]; Web site:

Author: Strand, Brad



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