Focus-Group as a Qualitative Method for Study of Compliance in Cardiovascular Disease PatientsReport as inadecuate

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Bulgarian Comparative Education Society, Paper presented at the International Distance Partner Conference (1st, Plovdiv, Bulgaria, May 14-17, 2013)

Patient's nonadherence to treatment is one of the most serious issues for modern medicine. WHO experts in the guideline [6] thoroughly analyze the reasons for poor adherence to long-term therapy and outline a wide range of factors influencing adherence to long-term therapy. At that it is emphasized that none of those factors is decisive. It appears to us that all reasons for noncompliance should be divided into two large groups: intentional (or deliberate) and unintentional (unwitting) actions of the patients [3]. One of the reasons of noncompliance can be patient-physician misunderstanding or patient's lack of trust a patient in his/her physician [1, 6]. A focus group could be defined as a group of interacting individuals having some common interest or characteristics, brought together by a moderator, who uses the group and its interaction as a way to gain information about a specific or focused issue and/or motivation for certain actions [2, 4]. Focus-group normally consists of 7-12 individuals who do not know each other [1, 5]. If the number of participants is smaller--it is impossible to gain verifiable information in view of the lack of individuals. If the number of participants exceeds twelve there is not enough time for everyone to speak out. The participants should have some common characteristics which have relevance to the focused issue [4]. An important advantage of this method is that many unconscious attitudes are uncovered during the interview and become conscious over the course of interaction [4]. [For complete volume, see ED567118.]

Descriptors: Focus Groups, Qualitative Research, Compliance (Psychology), Human Body, Medicine, Diseases, Heart Disorders, Patients, Therapy, Physician Patient Relationship, Misconceptions, Trust (Psychology), Motivation, Attitudes, Chronic Illness, Well Being

Bulgarian Comparative Education Society. Blvd Shipchenski prohod 69 A, 1574 Sofia, Bulgaria. e-mail: info[at]; Web site:

Author: Semenova, Olga; Naumova, Elizaveta; Shwartz, Yury



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