Beyond Liability: An Analysis of Financial Responsibility and Care Decisions in Hazardous Waste Management Facilities Report as inadecuate




Beyond Liability: An Analysis of Financial Responsibility and Care Decisions in Hazardous Waste Management Facilities - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

To ensure the availability of cleanup funds, federal regulators often require ex ante proof of ability-to-pay for future environmental liabilities. These regulations currently apply to hazardous waste managers under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, and are being considered for expanded applicability to other industries. Regulators have long expressed concern regarding the reliability of self-insurance. Little economic work, however, has studied the differing incentive effects of different financial assurance mechanisms, such as self-insurance, insurance, or trust funds. Using a novel facility-level panel dataset, I test this hypothesis using data on firm financial assurance and chemical spills. I find that self-insurance mechanisms are strongly associated with increased spill rates. This paper shows that with noncompetitive insurance markets, third-party financial instruments may act as “private regulators and incentivize facilities to exercise increased care against environmental damage. This association may also result from high-risk firms' selection into self-insurance.

Keywords: Hazardous waste ; Liability ; Judgement-proof ; Financial responsibility ; Insurance ; Moral hazard ; Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

Subject(s): Environmental Economics and Policy

Public Economics

Risk and Uncertainty

Issue Date: 2014-08

Publication Type: Working or Discussion Paper

PURL Identifier: http://purl.umn.edu/182293

Total Pages: 53

Series Statement: Working Paper

14-04

Record appears in: University of Maryland > Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics > Working Papers





Author: Zhou, Jane

Source: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/182293?ln=en







Related documents