An anatomical-like triangular-vector ligament reconstruction for the medial collateral ligament and the posterior oblique ligament injury with single femoral tunnel: a retrospective studyReport as inadecuate




An anatomical-like triangular-vector ligament reconstruction for the medial collateral ligament and the posterior oblique ligament injury with single femoral tunnel: a retrospective study - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research

, 12:96

First Online: 26 June 2017Received: 13 December 2016Accepted: 02 April 2017

Abstract

BackgroundThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of anatomical-like triangular-vector ligament reconstruction TLR in treating the combined injury of medial collateral ligament MCL and posterior oblique ligament POL.

MethodsDuring July 2013 to May 2014, 26 patients who received anatomical-like TLR were included into this study. All patients received clinical physical examination, imaging examination, and knee joint function score both preoperative and follow-up. The stability of the medial structure of the knee joint was examined by physical examination and imaging evaluation, including excessive knee medial opening EKMO and tibial external rotation angle TERA. The function of the knee was evaluated by the subjective questionnaire, including Lysholm, Tegner, and IKDC score. SPSS software was used for statistics analysis.

ResultsThe mean follow-up time exceeds 24 months. Two patients occurred with serious heterotopic ossification, and one patient received revision because of screw breakage. EKMO over the contralateral state at 0° decreased from 9.76 ± 2.76 mm to 2.79 ± 1.02 mm with statistical significance P < .001 and 10.32 ± 2.75 mm decreased to 3.13 ± 0.85 mm at 30° P < .001. Meanwhile, TERA significantly decreased from 53.38 ± 6.71° to 27.15 ± 4.92° P < .001. The postoperative Lysholm, Tegner, and IKDC score were superior to preoperative with statistical significance P < .001.

ConclusionsAnatomical-like TLR can reconstruct the graft to cover the insertions which can regain anatomic form and function with a cramped space. Not only the valgus stability and rotational stability can be restored obviously at follow-up but also the usage of implantation can be reduced, decreasing the incidence rate of allergy and saving costs.

KeywordMedial collateral ligament Posterior oblique ligament Anatomical reconstruction External rotation stability AbbreviationsALRAnatomic ligament repair

EKMOExcessive knee medial opening

IKDCInternational Knee Documentation Committee

MCLMedial collateral ligament

MPFLMedial patellofemoral ligament

POLPosterior oblique ligament

TERATibial external rotation angle

TLRTriangular-vector ligament reconstruction

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Author: Hongtao Xu - Kai Kang - Jian Zhang - Dongmei Xin - Wei Liu - Guorong Jin - Jiangtao Dong - Shijun Gao

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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