The costs of locomotor activity Maximum body temperatures and the use of torpor during the active season in edible dormiceReport as inadecuate




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Journal of Comparative Physiology B

, Volume 187, Issue 5–6, pp 803–814

First Online: 21 March 2017Received: 01 September 2016Revised: 14 December 2016Accepted: 26 February 2017

Abstract

Measuring Tb during the active season can provide information about the timing of reproduction and the use of short bouts of torpor and may be used as a proxy for the locomotor activity of animals i.e., maximum Tb. This kind of information is especially important to understand life-history strategies and energetic costs and demands in hibernating mammals. We investigated Tb throughout the active season in edible dormice Glis glis, since they i have an expensive arboreal life-style, ii are known to show short bouts of torpor, and iii are adapted to pulsed resources mast of beech trees. We show here for the first time that maximum Tb’s in free-living active dormice during the night increase regularly and for up to 8 h above 40 °C, which corresponds to slight hyperthermia, probably due to locomotor activity. The highest weekly mean maximum Tb was recorded 1 week prior to hibernation 40.45 ± 0.07 °C. At the beginning of the active season and immediately prior to hibernation, the mean maximum Tb’s were lower. The time dormice spent at Tb above 40 °C varied between sexes, depending on mast conditions. The date of parturition could be determined by a sudden increase in mean Tb plus 0.49 ± 0.04 °C. The occurrence of short torpor bouts <24 h was strongly affected by the mast situation with much higher torpor frequencies in mast-failure years. Our data suggest that locomotor activity is strongly affected by environmental conditions, and that sexes respond differently to these changes.

KeywordsArboreal Beech mast Small mammal Foraging Date of parturition Communicated by F. Breukelen.

This manuscript is part of the special issue Hibernation—Guest Editors: Frank van Breukelen and Jenifer C. Utz.

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Author: Claudia Bieber - Jessica S. Cornils - Franz Hoelzl - Sylvain Giroud - Thomas Ruf

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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