Demographics of dogs, cats, and rabbits attending veterinary practices in Great Britain as recorded in their electronic health recordsReport as inadecuate




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BMC Veterinary Research

, 13:218

Epidemiology, public health and modelling

Abstract

BackgroundUnderstanding the distribution and determinants of disease in animal populations must be underpinned by knowledge of animal demographics. For companion animals, these data have been difficult to collect because of the distributed nature of the companion animal veterinary industry. Here we describe key demographic features of a large veterinary-visiting pet population in Great Britain as recorded in electronic health records, and explore the association between a range of animal’s characteristics and socioeconomic factors.

ResultsElectronic health records were captured by the Small Animal Veterinary Surveillance Network SAVSNET, from 143 practices 329 sites in Great Britain. Mixed logistic regression models were used to assess the association between socioeconomic factors and species and breed ownership, and preventative health care interventions. Dogs made up 64.8% of the veterinary-visiting population, with cats, rabbits and other species making up 30.3, 2.0 and 1.6% respectively. Compared to cats, dogs and rabbits were more likely to be purebred and younger. Neutering was more common in cats 77.0% compared to dogs 57.1% and rabbits 45.8%. The insurance and microchipping relative frequency was highest in dogs 27.9 and 53.1%, respectively. Dogs in the veterinary-visiting population belonging to owners living in least-deprived areas of Great Britain were more likely to be purebred, neutered, insured and microchipped. The same association was found for cats in England and for certain parameters in Wales and Scotland.

ConclusionsThe differences we observed within these populations are likely to impact on the clinical diseases observed within individual veterinary practices that care for them. Based on this descriptive study, there is an indication that the population structures of companion animals co-vary with human and environmental factors such as the predicted socioeconomic level linked to the owner’s address. This ‘co-demographic’ information suggests that further studies of the relationship between human demographics and pet ownership are warranted.

KeywordsDemographics Companion animals Electronic health records Socioeconomic factors SAVSNET AbbreviationsCIConfidence interval

EHRsElectronic health records

IMDIndex of multiple deprivation

NUTSNomenclature of units for territorial statistics

PMSPractice management system

SAVSNETThe small animal veterinary surveillance network

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12917-017-1138-9 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Fernando Sánchez-Vizcaíno - Peter-John M. Noble - Phil H. Jones - Tarek Menacere - Iain Buchan - Suzanna Reynolds - Susa

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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