Advancing team-based primary health care: a comparative analysis of policies in western CanadaReport as inadecuate




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BMC Health Services Research

, 17:493

Health policy, reform, governance and law

Abstract

BackgroundWe analyzed and compared primary health care PHC policies in British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan to understand how they inform the design and implementation of team-based primary health care service delivery. The goal was to develop policy imperatives that can advance team-based PHC in Canada.

MethodsWe conducted comparative case studies n = 3. The policy analysis included: Context review: We reviewed relevant information 2007 to 2014 from databases and websites. Policy review and comparative analysis: We compared and contrasted publically available PHC policies. Key informant interviews: Key informants n = 30 validated narratives prepared from the comparative analysis by offering contextual information on potential policy imperatives. Advisory group and roundtable: An expert advisory group guided this work and a key stakeholder roundtable event guided prioritization of policy imperatives.

ResultsThe concept of team-based PHC varies widely across and within the three provinces. We noted policy gaps related to team configuration, leadership, scope of practice, role clarity and financing of team-based care; few policies speak explicitly to monitoring and evaluation of team-based PHC. We prioritized four policy imperatives: 1 alignment of goals and policies at different system levels; 2 investment of resources for system change; 3 compensation models for all members of the team; and 4 accountability through collaborative practice metrics.

ConclusionsPolicies supporting team-based PHC have been slow to emerge, lacking a systematic and coordinated approach. Greater alignment with specific consideration of financing, reimbursement, implementation mechanisms and performance monitoring could accelerate systemic transformation by removing some well-known barriers to team-based care.

KeywordsHealth policy Policy analysis Policy options Primary care Team-based care Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12913-017-2439-1 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Esther Suter - Sara Mallinson - Renee Misfeldt - Omenaa Boakye - Louise Nasmith - Sabrina T. Wong

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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