Comparison of Ultrasonic and Hydrothermal Cavitation Pretreatments of Cattle Manure Mixed with Straw Wheat on Fermentative Biogas ProductionReport as inadecuate




Comparison of Ultrasonic and Hydrothermal Cavitation Pretreatments of Cattle Manure Mixed with Straw Wheat on Fermentative Biogas Production - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Waste and Biomass Valorization

pp 1–8

First Online: 27 July 2017Received: 18 July 2016Accepted: 26 May 2017

Abstract

PurposePhysical pretreatment methods using ultrasound and hydrothermal cavitation were compared in the process of mesophilic anaerobic co-digestion of cattle manure mixed with straw wheat.

MethodsTo evaluate the anaerobic biodegradability of pretreated lignocellulosic biomass, 20-days batch anaerobic digestion experiments were used.

ResultsThe results showed that both methods achieved similar biomass solubilization ca. 30% as CODsol, but in hydrothermal cavitation the pretreatment time was shorter and energy required was lower than in ultrasonic pretreatment. Solubilization of nitrogen compounds was higher in hydrothermal cavitation. Application of sonication with energy input of 4839 kJ-kg TS increased biogas production rate to 177 mL-mg VS·d, compared to 194 mL-mg VS·d with hydrothermal cavitation. However, biogas productivity was higher with ultrasound, where biogas enhancement ranged 59.6–64.2% in contrast to 35.6–39.4% hydrothermal cavitation. Both methods did not contribute to increase methane concentration in biogas.

ConclusionsThe optimization of pretreatments for the production of biofuels from lignocellulosic residues is needed to be feasible at industrial scale. Physical pretreatment based on cavitation enhanced lignocellulosic biomass solubilization as well as biogas productivity, but the process yield was related to the cavitation equipment and mechanism.

KeywordsLignocellulosic biomass Ultrasound Pretreatment Anaerobic digestion Methane Biofuels  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Marcin Zieliński - Marcin Dębowski - Marta Kisielewska - Anna Nowicka - Magdalena Rokicka - Karolina Szwarc

Source: https://link.springer.com/







Related documents