Effect of cultivation pH on the surface hydrophobicity of Bacillus subtilis sporesReport as inadecuate

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AMB Express

, 7:157

First Online: 27 July 2017Received: 08 June 2017Accepted: 17 July 2017


Bacillus subtilis spores are often used as biological indicators BI to monitor decontamination processes with gaseous hydrogen peroxide. Results in practical inactivation validation tests, however, vary considerably with no available explanation so far. This study reports on the effect of cultivation pH on spore surface hydrophobicity. Surface hydrophobicity is suspected to have an impact on the decontamination of technical surfaces such as packaging material when gaseous, condensing hydrogen peroxide is applied. It is the aim of this study to examine the impact of different cultivation pH levels on surface hydrophobicity and resistance of B. subtilis spores. Submersed cultivation of B. subtilis in bioreactors at controlled conditions with different static pH levels led to contact angles ranged between 50° and 80°, which was analyzed with water on a homogeneous layer of spores on a filter sheet. Resistance of spores was also affected by the cultivation pH. The results show that the culturing conditions during BI production should be controlled to obtain BI with specified characteristics in inactivation validation tests.

KeywordsBacillus subtilis Submersed spore production Bioindicator Hydrogen peroxide Resistance Surface hydrophobicity AbbreviationsBIbiological indicator

B. subtilisBacillus subtilis

DH2O2decimal reduction time of spores at 25 °C and 35% H2O2

H2O2hydrogen peroxide

Rcorrelation coefficient

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Author: Elisabeth Eschlbeck - Simon A. W. Bauer - Ulrich Kulozik

Source: https://link.springer.com/

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