On entanglement entropy in non-Abelian lattice gauge theory and 3D quantum gravityReport as inadecuate

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Journal of High Energy Physics

, 2016:102

First Online: 18 November 2016Received: 20 September 2016Accepted: 13 November 2016 Abstract

Entanglement entropy is a valuable tool for characterizing the correlation structure of quantum field theories. When applied to gauge theories, subtleties arise which prevent the factorization of the Hilbert space underlying the notion of entanglement entropy. Borrowing techniques from extended topological field theories, we introduce a new definition of entanglement entropy for both Abelian and non-Abelian gauge theories. Being based on the notion of excitations, it provides a completely relational way of defining regions. Therefore, it naturally applies to background independent theories, e.g. gravity, by circumventing the difficulty of specifying the position of the entangling surface. We relate our construction to earlier proposals and argue that it brings these closer to each other. In particular, it yields the non-Abelian analogue of the ‘magnetic centre choice’, as obtained through an extended-Hilbert-space method, but applied to the recently introduced fusion basis for 3D lattice gauge theories. We point out that the different definitions of entanglement entropy can be related to a choice of squeezed vacuum state.

KeywordsGauge Symmetry Models of Quantum Gravity Topological States of Matter ArXiv ePrint: 1609.04806

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Author: Clement Delcamp - Bianca Dittrich - Aldo Riello

Source: https://link.springer.com/


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