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Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial 2014, 50 4

Author: Luiz Martins Collaço

Source: http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=393541983001


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Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial ISSN: 1676-2444 jbpml@sbpc.org.br,adagmar.andriolo@g mail.com Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia Clínica-Medicina Laboratorial Brasil Martins Collaço, Luiz Cervical cancer prevention and detection in focus Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial, vol.
50, núm.
4, julio-agosto, 2014, p.
258 Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia Clínica-Medicina Laboratorial Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Available in: http:--www.redalyc.org-articulo.oa?id=393541983001 How to cite Complete issue More information about this article Journals homepage in redalyc.org Scientific Information System Network of Scientific Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal Non-profit academic project, developed under the open access initiative Cervical cancer prevention and detection in focus Luiz Martins Collaço The fact that approximately 500 thousand women develop new cases of cervical cancer(1) per year worldwide is alarming and gives rise to great concern to the scientific community about a preventable disease. The discovery that human papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with genesis of precursory lesions and the invasive cervical carcinoma, promoted several changes on early prevention and detection approach of this lesion.
Despite the cytopathological exam (Pap smear) be a recommended technique for mass prevention due to its historical and cost-benefit aspects, it has been extensively debated the exam limitations on respect of sensitivity, specificity, and reproducibility(1).
As a result of progress in the study of lesions genesis and behavior, new technologies are partnering in an attempt to contain the spread of the disease.
Among them are the molecular tests, especially the hybrid capture for HPV, and the prophylactic vaccines against the virus. The molecular test for HPV by hybrid capture, used as primary or complementary test for the investigation of changes found in cytology, has been used as a strategy...





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