Thermal behaviour and excess entropy of bioactive glasses and Zn-doped glasses.Report as inadecuate




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* Corresponding author 1 ISCR - Institut des Sciences Chimiques de Rennes

Abstract : Bioactive glasses prepared in SiO2-CaO-Na2O and P2O5 system are used as biomaterials in orthopaedic and maxillofacial surgery. Zn presents high physiological interest. It enhances physiological effects of implanted biomaterials. In this work, the thermal characteristics Tg, Tc and Tf of pure bioactive glass elaborated with different amounts of CaO, Na2O in pure glass and with different amounts of introduced Zn in glass ranging from 0.1 to 10 in wt%, were studied. The excess entropy was calculated for different compounds. Glasses were prepared by the melting process. The thermal behaviour of obtained bioactive glasses was determined using differential thermal analysis. Therefore, the glass transition Tg, the crystallization Tc and the melting temperatures Tf were revealed. Moreover, according to Dietzel formula, the thermal stability TS of the studied bioactive glasses has been calculated. The first results concerning the impact of different oxides, revealed a decrease of the TS, Tg, Tc and Tf when the SiO2-CaO increases and revealed an increase of these thermal characteristics when the SiO2-Na2O and CaO-Na2O ratios increase. Introducing Zn into the bioactive glasses induces a decrease of Tf and an increase of TS. Contrary to crystals, prepared glasses have entropy different to zero at T = 0 K and vary versus Tf. The excess entropy of pure glasses and Zn-doped glasses were calculated. The significant variations were registered.

Keywords : Bioactive glass Zinc Thermal characteristics Entropy





Author: Eric Wers - Hassane Oudadesse -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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