Change in energy expenditure and physical activity in response to aerobic and resistance exercise programsReport as inadecuate




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, 4:798

Biomedical and LifeSciences

Abstract

Exercise is considered an important component of a healthy lifestyle but there remains controversy on effects of exercise on non-exercise physical activity PA. The present study examined the prospective association of aerobic and resistance exercise with total daily energy expenditure and PA in previously sedentary, young men. Nine men 27.0 ± 3.3 years completed two 16-week exercise programs 3 exercise sessions per week of aerobic and resistance exercise separated by a minimum of 6 weeks in random order. Energy expenditure and PA were measured with the SenseWear Mini Armband prior to each intervention as well as during week 1, week 8 and week 16 of the aerobic and resistance exercise program. Body composition was measured via dual x-ray absorptiometry. Body composition did not change in response to either exercise intervention. Total daily energy expenditure on exercise days increased by 443 ± 126 kcal-d and 239 ± 152 kcal-d for aerobic and resistance exercise, respectively p < 0.01. Non-exercise moderate-to-vigorous PA, however, decreased on aerobic exercise days −148 ± 161 kcal-d; p = 0.03. There was no change in total daily energy expenditure and PA on non-exercise days with aerobic exercise while resistance exercise was associated with an increase in moderate-to-vigorous PA during non-exercise days 216 ± 178 kcal-d, p = 0.01. Results of the present study suggest a compensatory reduction in PA in response to aerobic exercise. Resistance exercise, on the other hand, appears to facilitate non-exercise PA, particularly on non-exercise days, which may lead to more sustainable adaptations in response to an exercise program.

KeywordsAerobic training Resistance training Total daily energy expenditure Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity Energy balance AbbreviationsMVPAmoderate-to-vigorous physical activity

PAphysical activity

SWAsensewear mini armband

TDEEtotal daily energy expenditure

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Author: Clemens Drenowatz - George L. Grieve - Madison M. DeMello

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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