Energetic ion acceleration during magnetic reconnection in the Earth’s magnetotailReport as inadecuate




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Earth, Planets and Space

, 67:203

Space science

Abstract

In this paper, we present a comprehensive study of the energetic ion acceleration during magnetic reconnection in the Earth’s magnetosphere using the Geotail data. A clear example of the energetic ion acceleration up to 1 MeV around an X-type neutral line is shown. We find that the energetic ions are localized at far downstream of reconnection outflow. The time variation of energetic ion and electron is almost the same. We observe ∼100 keV ions over the entire observation period. We study ten events in which the Geotail satellite observed in the vicinity of diffusion region in order to understand the reconnection characteristics that determine the energetic ion acceleration efficiency. We find that the reconnection electric field, total amount of reduced magnetic energy, reconnection rate, satellite location in the Earth’s magnetosphere both XGSM and YGSM show high correlation with energetic ion acceleration efficiency. Also, ion temperature, electron temperature, ion-electron temperature ratio, current sheet thickness, and electric field normal to the neutral sheet show low correlation. We do not find any correlation with absolute value of outflow velocity and current density parallel to magnetic field. The energetic ion acceleration efficiency is well correlated with large-scale parameters e.g., total amount of reduced magnetic energy and satellite location, whereas the energetic electron acceleration efficiency is correlated with small-scale parameters e.g., current sheet thickness and electric field normal to the neutral sheet. We conclude that the spatial size of magnetic reconnection is important for energetic ion acceleration in the Earth’s magnetotail.

KeywordsMagnetosphere Magnetic reconnection Energetic particles  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Shinsuke Imada - Mariko Hirai - Masahiro Hoshino

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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