Comparison of hand-sewn and stapled anastomoses in surgeries of gastrointestinal tumors based on clinical practice of ChinaReport as inadecuate




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World Journal of Surgical Oncology

, 12:292

First Online: 21 September 2014Received: 18 February 2014Accepted: 16 August 2014

Abstract

BackgroundThere is a lack of studies comparing stapled suturing and hand-sewn suturing in the surgeries of gastrointestinal tumors based on the clinical practice of Chinese surgeons.

MethodsData were retrospectively collected from 499 patients who underwent surgery to remove gastrointestinal tumors from January 2008 to December 2009. The patients were divided into two groups according to the method of digestive tract reconstruction: 296 patients received stapled suturing and 203 patients received hand-sewn suturing. The operation time, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative recovery and complications of the patients were evaluated and compared between the two groups.

ResultsThe stapling procedure took shorter operative time compared to the hand-sewn procedure for gastric carcinoma, colorectal cancer and esophageal carcinoma P < 0.05. There was no significant difference between the two groups in postoperative hospital stay P > 0.05. Patients receiving stapled suturing also showed shorter recovery for gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, and shorter time to recovery of normal gastrocolorectal motility compared with patients in the hand-sewn group P < 0.05. However, there was no difference between the two groups in terms of normal time to commencing liquid diet for esophageal cancer patients P > 0.05. We also found that the stapled procedure showed a lower incidence of anastomotic leakage, anastomotic hemorrhage and stump leakage in treating colorectal cancer or gastric carcinoma compared with the hand-sewn procedure P < 0.05.

ConclusionsApplication of the stapler in treating gastrointestinal tumors demonstrated better effects on patients in terms of surgical operation time, recovery time to normal functions, and occurrence of complications compared to hand-sewn anastomosis, especially in gastric carcinoma and colorectal cancer.

KeywordsStapler Gastrocolorectal tumor Anastomosis Surgery AbbreviationsGIgastrointestinal

S-lEstump leakage

A-lEanastomotic leakage

A-HHanastomotic hemorrhage

PS-ICUpost-surgery-ICU.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1477-7819-12-292 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Bin-wei Liu - Yang Liu - Jun-ru Liu - Zhong-xu Feng

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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