Hydranencephaly: cerebral spinal fluid instead of cerebral mantlesReport as inadecuate




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Italian Journal of Pediatrics

, 40:79

Neurology, Behaviour and Development

Abstract

The authors report a wide and updated revision of hydranencephaly, including a literature review, and present the case of a patient affected by this condition, still alive at 36 months.

Hydranencephaly is an isolated and with a severe prognosis abnormality, affecting the cerebral mantle. In this condition, the cerebral hemispheres are completely or almost completely absent and are replaced by a membranous sac filled with cerebrospinal fluid. Midbrain is usually not involved. Hydranencephaly is a relatively rare cerebral disorder. Differential diagnosis is mainly relevant when considering severe hydrocephalus, poroencephalic cyst and alobar holoprosencephaly. Ethical questions related to the correct criteria for the surgical treatment are also discussed.

KeywordsHydranencephaly Holoprosencephaly Congenital anomaly Brain malformation Severe hydrocephalus Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s13052-014-0079-1 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Piero Pavone - Andrea D Praticò - Giovanna Vitaliti - Martino Ruggieri - Renata Rizzo - Enrico Parano - Lorenzo Pavone -

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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