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Mathematical Geosciences

, Volume 46, Issue 8, pp 957–969

First Online: 10 May 2014Received: 31 May 2013Accepted: 11 April 2014


Fault models are often based on interpretations of seismic data that are constrained by observations of faults and associated strata in wells. Because of uncertainties in depth migration, seismic interpretations and well data, there often is significant uncertainty in the geometry and position of the faults. Fault uncertainty impacts determinations of reservoir volume, flow properties and well planning. Stochastic simulation of the faults is important for quantifying the uncertainties and minimizing the impacts. In this paper, a framework for representing and modeling uncertainty in fault location and geometry is presented. This framework can be used for prediction and stochastic simulation of fault surfaces, visualization of fault location uncertainty, and assessments of the sensitivity of fault location on reservoir performance. The uncertainty in fault location is represented by a fault uncertainty envelope and a marginal probability distribution. To be able to use standard geostatistical methods, quantile mapping is employed to construct a transformation from the fault surface domain to a transformed domain. Well conditioning is undertaken in the transformed domain using kriging or conditional simulations. The final fault surface is obtained by transforming back to the fault surface domain. Fault location uncertainty can be visualized by transforming the surfaces associated with a given quantile back to the fault surface domain.

KeywordsStructural uncertainty Uncertainty envelope  Fault geometry realizations Well conditioning  Download fulltext PDF

Author: Per Røe - Frode Georgsen - Petter Abrahamsen


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