Discourse on medicine: meditative and calculative approaches to ethics from an international perspectiveReport as inadecuate




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Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine

, 9:18

First Online: 07 November 2014Received: 25 February 2014Accepted: 16 October 2014

Abstract

Heidegger’s two modes of thinking, calculative and meditative, were used as the thematic basis for this qualitative study of physicians from seven countries Canada, China, India, Ireland, Japan, Korea, and Thailand. Focus groups were conducted in each country with 69 physicians who cared for the elderly. Results suggest that physicians perceived ethical issues primarily through the lens of calculative thinking 76% with emphasis on economic concerns. Meditative responses represented 24% of the statements and were mostly generated by Canadian physicians whose patients typically were not faced with economic barriers to treatment due to Canada’s universal health care system.

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