Assessment of clogging effects on lateral hydraulics: proposing a monitoring and detection protocolReport as inadecuate




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1 USP - Universidade de São Paulo 2 UMR G-EAU - Gestion de l-Eau, Acteurs, Usages

Abstract : Ageing of drip irrigation systems due to clogging of emitters is considered the largest maintenance problem in microirrigation and this problem is enhanced in subsurface irrigation systems. Whatever the source of the clogging problem, a methodology for early detection of clogging in the field can be useful in decision-making about deploying cleaning processes flushing or injection of chemicals and avoiding replacement of laterals. This work presents a methodology for simulating clogging conditions able to reproduce the effects of clogging on pressure profiles, head loss, and emitters flow rate distribution along a single levelled lateral with constant inlet pressure. This methodology was validated by several experiments conducted under controlled conditions of clogging induced by changes in the flow rate of emitters. The effects of clogging intensity and position on hydraulic parameters of a single lateral were analysed in detail and aspects relating to pressure, head loss, and flow rate measurements were discussed. For a given lateral set-up, it is possible to draw a chart relating flow rate and head loss for various levels and positions of clogging. Assuming that measurements of head loss and flow rate are available, this diagram enables immediate estimation of the level and location of clogging,

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Keywords : AGRICULTURE IRRIGATION SILTING DECISION SUPPORT HYDRAULICS MONITORING

Mots-clés : COLMATAGE MICROIRRIGATION AIDE A LA DECISION HYDRAULIQUE SURVEILLANCE





Author: A. Pires de Camargo - B. Molle - S. Tomas - J.A. Frizzone -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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