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BMC Medical Education

, 13:125

Career choice, professional education and development

Abstract

BackgroundFactors influencing specialty choice have been studied in an attempt to find incentives to enhance the workforce in certain specialties. The notion of -controllable lifestyle CL specialties,- defined by work hours and income, is gaining in popularity. As a result, many reports advocate providing a ‘lifestyle-friendly’ work environment to attract medical graduates. However, little has been documented about the priority in choosing specialties across the diverse career opportunities.

This nationwide study was conducted in Japan with the aim of identifying factors that influence specialty choice. It looked for characteristic profiles among senior students and junior doctors who were choosing between different specialties.

MethodsWe conducted a survey of 4 and 6 final-year medical students and foundation year doctors, using a questionnaire enquiring about their specialty preference and to what extent their decision was influenced by a set of given criteria. The results were subjected to a factor analysis. After identifying factors, we analysed a subset of responses from 6 year students and junior doctors who identified a single specialty as their future career, to calculate a z-score standard score of each factor and then we plotted the scores on a cobweb chart to visualise characteristic profiles.

ResultsFactor analysis yielded 5 factors that influence career preference. Fifteen specialties were sorted into 4 groups based on the factor with the highest z-score: -fulfilling life with job security- radiology, ophthalmology, anaesthesiology, dermatology and psychiatry -bioscientific orientation- internal medicine subspecialties, surgery, obstetrics and gynaecology, emergency medicine, urology, and neurosurgery, and -personal reasons- paediatrics and orthopaedics. Two other factors were -advice from others- and -educational experience-. General medicine - family medicine and otolaryngology were categorized as -intermediate- group because of similar degree of influence from 5 factors.

ConclusionWhat is valued in deciding a career varies between specialties. Emphasis on lifestyle issues, albeit important, might dissuade students and junior doctors who are more interested in bioscientific aspects of the specialty or have strong personal reasons to pursue the career choice. In order to secure balanced workforce across the specialties, enrolling students with varied background and beliefs should be considered in the student selection process.

KeywordsCareer choice Medical student Junior doctor Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1472-6920-13-125 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Yuko Takeda - Kunimasa Morio - Linda Snell - Junji Otaki - Miyako Takahashi - Ichiro Kai

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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